1824 - New South Wales is constituted a Crown Colony.
1877 - American astronomer Asaph Hall discovers Phobos and Deimos, the two moons of Mars.
1897 - British children's author, Enid Blyton, is born.
1919 - Germany adopts the ‘Weimar Constitution’, establishing a federal republic.
1934 - Second British Empire Games - now known as the Commonwealth Games - close in London, England.
1969 - The Apollo 11 astronauts, including the first two men to walk on the moon, are released from a three-week quarantine following their return to earth.
1983 - Actor Chris Hemsworth is born.
1984 - A joke by US President Ronald Reagan about ‘outlawing’ the Soviet Union turns into an international embarrassment. The president’s flippant remarks during a soundcheck before a radio address caused consternation among America’s allies and was picked up by the Soviet propaganda mill.
1989 - Australian opening batsmen Geoff Marsh and Mark Taylor complete an opening partnership of 329 in a cricket Test against England.
1998 - The Ian Potter Museum of Art was opened at the University of Melbourne by Jeff Kennett, Premier of Victoria.
1999 - Up to 350 million people watch the last total solar eclipse of the twentieth century in northern Europe.