1632 - The great English architect, Sir Christopher Wren, is born.
1792 - John Fawkner, early pioneer and rival to John Batman for the title of Melbourne's founder, is born.
1875 - Premier of Victoria, Graham Berry, retired from office, having served 75 days, and is replaced by Sir James McCulloch who commenced his fourth term in the office.
1899 - It is announced that Private Gardiner of the Warracknabeal Rangers had been ‘picked for service in South Africa’ in the conflict known as the Boer War. While serving overseas Gardiner was promoted to the rank of Corporal, and along with being mentioned in dispatches, he was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for his bravery ‘entering a danger zone to rescue a wounded English soldier’.
1908 - Victorian Legislative Assembly passes the Adult Suffrage Bill. This granted female suffrage (right to vote) to women in Victoria for the first time.
1911 - Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen departs the Bay of Whales, Antarctica, on his expedition to the South Pole.
1968 - 21-year-old American Dick Fosbury wins gold and sets an Olympic record in the high jumps at the Mexico City Games. This was also the international debut of Fosbury’s unique jumping style, known as the ‘Fosbury Flop’.
1973 - The Sydney Opera House is formally opened by Queen Elizabeth II.
1983 - IBM-PC DOS Version 2.1 released.
2011 - Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi is killed.