1725 - John Newton, a former English slave trader who wrote 'Amazing Grace', is born.
1897 - Female aviator, Amelia Earhart, is born.
1927 - The Menin Gate Memorial in Ypres, Belgium, is unveiled. This memorial (pictured) records the names of 55,000 British and Commonwealth World War One soldiers who are ‘missing’ in Belgium with no known grave.
1936 - The Speaking Clock is introduced in England.
1938 - Instant coffee is invented.
1965 Australian basketballer Andrew Gaze is born.
1969 - Apollo 11 splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean, following the successful mission to the moon.
1980 - The self-named ‘Quietly Confident Quartet’ from Australia wins the men's 4 x 100 metre medley relay at the Moscow Olympics, the only time the United States has not won the event at Olympic level. The team was made up of Mark Kerry (backstroke), Peter Evans (breaststroke), Mark Tonelli (butterfly), and Neil Brooks (freestyle).
1985 - French DGSE officers Dominique Prieur and Alain Mafart are arrested and charged with murder over the bombing of the ‘Rainbow Warrior’, the Greenpeace flagship.
1998 - The World War II epic movie, ‘Saving Private Ryan’, is released. It would be nominated for 11 Academy Awards from which it won five; for Best Director, Best Cinematography, Best Sound, Best Film Editing and Best Sound Effects Editing.
2005 - Lance Armstrong ‘wins’ his seventh consecutive Tour de France and then retires but is later disqualified in 2012 for doping. The history records no winner for the race for these seven years.
2011 - Cadel Evans of Australia wins the 98th Tour de France.