1686 - Gabriel Fahrenheit, after whom the Fahrenheit scale of temperature is named, is born.
1819 - Queen Victoria is born.
1838 - The first in what was to become a chain of David Jones Department stores opens.
1847 - German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is awarded the Patron's Medal by the Royal Geographical Society, London in recognition of 'the increased knowledge of the great continent of Australia' gained by his Moreton Bay-Port Essington journey.
1915 - During the fighting at Gallipoli, a truce was observed on this day to allow the combatants to bury their dead lying in no-man's-land between the trenches, as due to the summer heat, the bodies had begun to rot, and the smell was overpowering.
1930 - Aviatrix Amy Johnson lands in Darwin, becoming the first woman to fly from England to Australia.
1968 - Official visit to the Victorian Parliament by Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of the Republic of India.
1969 - The last original Victoria Cross awarded to an Australian, prior to the introduction of the Victoria Cross for Australia, is awarded to Warrant Officer Class II Keith Payne, who received the award for his actions in Kon Tum Province, Vietnam.
2012 - The Jeparit newsagency (pictured) and the adjoining cafe in Roy Street were extensively damaged by fire. The building has since been demolished, and the land is now part of Menzies Square.